Causes of the zika virus spread

A global epidemic of the Zika virus features plagued the Pacific Islands, the Americas, and some African and Southeast Asiatic countries. Currently, Brazil holds the best record of Zika virus-positive situations in Latin America that have devasted and terrified the country. The World Health Company (WHO), an organization of the US (UN), has announced Zika virus contamination as a recently arising disease to come to be managed and also a Public Health Crisis of International Concern (PHEIC)(Gulland, 2016). In general, Zika virus is certainly a single-stranded RNA virus of the genus Flavivirus which is also linked to other flaviviruses such as dengue virus, yellow fever virus, West Nile virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus (Lanciotti RS, 2008; Scaramozzino, Crance, Jouan, DeBriel, Stoll, & Garin, (2001)). Clinical complications namely, the Guillain-Barre syndrome, congenital syndromes, miscarriages, and even death have been correlated with Zika virus attacks. Zika virus is not a new virus. Actually, it has been discovered and documented a lot more than 50 years ago. Only just lately, it has received unparalleled attention and has created such global alarm by the global health community. The first human being illness caused by Zika virus infection was first recorded in 1953 in Nigeria (MacNamara, 1954). By September 2015, investigators in Brazil saw a rise in the quantity of infants born with microcephaly which can be one of the clinical complications linked with Zika virus infections. By mid-February 2016, over 4300 circumstances of microcephaly have been recorded (Victora, Schuler-Faccini, Matijasevich, Ribeiro, Pessoa, & Barros, (2016)). The question that right now reflects in people’s head will be, "what are the sources of the pass on of Zika virus mosquitoes?" There are plenty of factors behind the guidelines on how to write an interview essay rapid dissemination of the virus, but the more major reasons are the carriers of the condition, the abundance of breeding floor, and climate change.

Firstly, the main reason for the spread of this virus would just about all evidently end up being the mosquitoes contaminated with the Zika virus. Not all mosquitoes act as carriers however the predominant vector responsible for the spread is the yellowish fever mosquito or in scientific conditions, the Aedes aegypti mosquito which can be a key vector for the transmitting of dengue through the entire globe. According to Dasti, before the outbreak of Zika virus in Brazil, distribution of Aedes aegypti has been predicted across unique continents. Predicated on the entomological data obtainable, it is displayed that high concentration of the species in Brazil may be the main contributor to the outbreak and also the rapid dissemination of Zika virus an infection in the united states (Kraemer, Sinka, Duda, Mylne, Shearer, Barker, & Hendrickx (2015)). Thankfully, the Aedes aegypti mosquito does not tolerate colder climates and happens to be limited by tropical and subtropical parts of the globe (Dark brown, Evans, Zheng, Obas, Barrera‐Martinez, Egizi, & Powell, (2014)). Additionally, there are different potential species of Aedes mosquitoes that may as well transmit the virus such as Aedes furcifer, Aedes metallicus, Aedes africanus, and Aedes hensillican.

Another cause of the outbreak is the abundance of breeding grounds which performs a significant role in the reproduction and pass on of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes which are the key carrier of the Zika virus. Before 50 years, there is an explosion in the amount of plastic containers that have created a good amount of preferred larval habitat for the Aedes aegypti mosquito testmyprep. Occupants in countries which has little awareness and education about the importance of hygiene and sanitation have taken their locations and towns for granted and have caused their community to become a perfect breeding surface for Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Troncoso has identified several containers such as bottles, bottle caps, buckets, basins, empty tin cans, puddles, pots, barrels with water, containers on the top to collect rainwater, tanker, used tires, and additional artificial containers that can hold water (p. 522). Troncoso in addition has discovered common town areas with high concentrations of people such as for example bus stations, parks, and universities will be potential sites for mosquito breeding (p. 522). Breeding sites for Aedes mosquitoes are available all around the house also. Feminine Aedes aegypti mosquitoes lay eggs in drinking water stored containers, which creates the opportunity for breeding. Furthermore, relating to Alcides, cemeteries can even be considered as an outstanding position for breeding of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Effects of over 30 research from the last 10 years linked to mosquitoes in cemeteries have already been published. Generally, "cemeteries are very ideal habitats for mosquitoes" that thrive in artificial containers given the broad option of sources they need. It is recommended that removing unused containers and daily transformation water trough for family pets and vases can reduce the risk of Zika contamination (Ayorinde, Oboh, Otubanjo, Alimba, & Odeigah, 2014). Any stagnant water is actually a breeding ground for mosquitoes and most them are caused by man (Kilpatrick & Randolph, 2012; Vasilakis, Cardosa, Hanley, Holmes, & Weaver, 2011).

Besides that, climate switch is an essential factor that can worsen the pass on of the Zika virus. The Zika epidemic further proves that climate switch is starting to affect human health. Based on the US (UN), the climb in temps enhances the breeding and transmitting of the Zika virus. The worsening climate increases the frequency of normal disasters all over the world which is often even more devasting to countries with a poorer infrastructure (Troncoso, 2016, p. 521). According to Troncoso, the transmitting of infectious diseases such as dengue or Zika is sensitive to climatic conditions (p. 521). The ever before changing climatic environment which include temp, humidity, rainfall, and soil humidity make a difference the viruses that will be transferred by bugs (Brady, Golding, Pigott, Kraemer, Messina, Reiner Jr, & Hay, 2014). Warming of tropical and sub-tropical climates possesses improved the condition for Zika transporting Aedes aegypti mosquitoes to breed of dog. Climate transformation has amplified medical risks of the poorest people, who will be vulnerable and in jeopardy from the significant increase in disease by the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Human actions such as substantial deforestation and dam development have caused the extinction of healthy predators and evolved the biodiversity which includes increased the chance of exposure to mosquitoes. Residents of countries that have tropical or sub-tropical climates and have difficult access to health care "are affected the most extreme consequences" (p. 522) of the disease (Johansson, M. A., Dominici, F., & Glass, 2009). Consequently, as Troncoso (2016) confirms, climate alterations is a "potentially very important factor." that can bring innovative epidemics of Zika and also the chance of a pandemic worldwide (p. 521).

In conclusion, facts has proven that the outbreak of the Zika virus is the consequence and problems of our improper handling previously, also with the existing environmental factors. Unfortunately, the current generation must suffer the undesireable effects of the spread of the disease. Zika virus is usually a significant global health problem that has already spread to distinct regions on Earth and is anticipated to spread more rapidly given the actual fact that the virus can be transmitted sexually and by mosquito bites. The global well being community has a responsibility to analyze and develop a solution to solve this problem as we’ve little knowledge about the virus. For the meantime, persons should take severe precaution when planing a trip to countries that have significant conditions of Zika virus infection. Carrying the condition back home will be the last thing you should do.

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